Ichijū Sansai (一汁三菜 – A Traditional Japanese Meal)

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    Ichijū Sansai

    一汁三菜


    Do you have a well-balanced diet?
    皆さん、バランスの良い食事はとれているでしょうか。

    In Japan, ichijū sansai (一汁三菜) is often adopted as a menu for daily meals.
    日本では、日常の食事の献立として、よく「一汁三菜」が用いられます。

    Since ichi (一) means “one,” (汁) means “soup,” san (三) means “three,” and sai (菜) means “dish,” the literal meaning of ichijū sansai is “one soup and three dishes.”
    「一」は “one”、「汁」は “soup”、「三」は “three”、「菜」は “dish” を意味するので、「一汁三菜」の文字どおりの意味は “one soup and three dishes” となります。

    In most cases, ichijū means “miso soup,” and sansai consists of one main dish such as meat or fish, and two side dishes such as vegetables, mushrooms, or seaweed.
    「一汁」は味噌汁を表し、「三菜」は、肉や魚などの「主菜」が1つと、野菜やきのこ、海藻などの「副菜」が2つで構成されることが多いです。

    If you add rice as a staple food to ichijū sansai, it becomes a traditional Japanese meal.
    「一汁三菜」に、主食のご飯を加えると、日本の伝統的な献立となります。

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