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Okanmuri (お冠 – Bad Temper)

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    To describe that someone is angry or in a bad mood, Japanese people sometimes use the term okanmuri (お冠).

    O (お) is a polite prefix and kanmuri (冠) means “crown.”
    「お」は丁寧の接頭辞、「冠」は “kanmuri” を意味します。

    It is believed that okanmuri came from the idiom kanmuri wo mageru (冠を曲げる).

    Since mageru (曲げる) means “bend/angle,” the literal meaning of kanmuri wo mageru is “to angle one’s crown.”
    「曲げる」は “bend/angle” を意味するので、「冠を曲げる」の文字どおりの意味は “to angle one’s crown” です。

    In the past, Japanese aristocrats intentionally angled their crowns in an expression of protest towards toward superiors or Emperors.

    Because of this, kanmuri wo mageru came to mean “angry” or “bad mood,” and it has become okanmuri for short.

    Based on this etymology, okanmuri / kanmuri wo mageru is often used especially to describe the angry/bad mood of superiors.

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