Shari (シャリ – White/Vinegared Rice)

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    Shari

    シャリ


    White rice or vinegared rice used for sushi is called shari (シャリ) in Japan.
    寿司に使う白米や酢飯は、「シャリ」と呼ばれます。

    It is thought that shari comes from a Sanskrit term “sarira” (meaning “Buddha’s cremains”) or “sari” (meaning “rice”).
    「シャリ」はサンスクリット語で「(釈迦の)遺骨」を意味する “sarira”、もしくは「米」を意味する “sari” から来ていると考えられています。

    In general, outside of sushi shop, white rice is called kome (米), hakumai (白米), or gohan (ご飯).
    白米は寿司以外では、「米(こめ)」や「白米」、「ご飯」などと呼ばれます。

    Incidentally, rice used for sushi is usually flavored with vinegar and is referred to as sumeshi (酢飯 – literally means “vinegared rice”).
    ちなみに、寿司に使われる米は通常、酢が加えられた「酢飯」です。

    There are various reasons for this; vinegared rice has effects of preservation, deodorization, and sterilization, and possess a good flavor.
    この理由は、味、防腐、防臭、殺菌などさまざまです。

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