Hatoko (はとこ – Second Cousin)

  • Hatoko


    In my post yesterday, I introduced the term itoko (いとこ).

    Itoko refers to a child of one’s uncle or aunt, that is, a “first cousin.”

    A grandchild of one’s grandparents’ brother or sister is referred to as hatoko (はとこ/再従兄弟/再従姉妹) or mataitoko (又従兄弟/又従姉妹).

    Mata (又) in mataitoko means “again” or “once more,” so the literal meaning of mataitoko is “cousin once more.” However, the etymology of hatoko is not well understood.
    「またいとこ」の「又」は “again/once more” を意味しますが、「はとこ」の語源についてはよくわかっていないようです。

    Hatoko and mataitoko can be translated into English as “second cousin.”
    「はとこ」「またいとこ」はでは “second cousin” と訳されます。

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